The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the latest addition to the CERN accelerator complex, is the most powerful particle accelerator ever built. It has a ring of 27 kilometers (16 miles) of superconducting magnets and accelerator structures built to increase the energy of the particles in the chamber.
At the accelerator, two beams of high energy particles are forced to collide in opposite directions at speeds close to the speed of light.
The energy densities that are created when these collisions occur, make ordinary matter fuse into its constituent parts – quarks and gluons. This allows us to interrogate the basic constituents of matter – the fundamental particles of the Standard Model.(5 new Subatomic Particles)
It is a project of massive and incomparable proportions.
More than 10,000 scientists and engineers are currently working together to help us learn about the fundamental properties of physics using the LHC.
To date, these men and women have made some impressive discoveries. The LHC team is responsible for the discovery of the Higgs boson , potentially refuting the existence of the paranormal , and discovering a series of new particles .
And now, a new article has shown that these discoveries are not slowing down
An experiment in the Large Hadron Collider beauty experiment (LHCb) has just announced the discovery of a new five-particle system, in a single analysis.
Discovering a new state is a feat in itself, but discovering five new states at once is exceptional.
Especially because there is an overwhelming level of statistical significance, that is, this is not just a fluke.
It was found that each of the five particles were excited states of Omega-c-zero, a particle with three quarks. These states of particles are called, according to the standard convention, Ωc (3000) 0, Ωc (3050) 0, Ωc (3066) 0, Ωc (3090) 0 and Ωc (3119) 0.
Now, researchers need to determine the quantum numbers of these new particles, and their theoretical significance.(5 new Subatomic Particles)
All of this will add to our understanding of the correlation between quarks and multi-quark states, which will contribute to the knowledge of our Universe and quantum theory in general.
Ultimately, CERN called this “a hive of new and exceptional physical results”.
And it’s just the beginning. More experiments and results are on the way.
This is why the importance of international partnerships can not be overstated. The LHC is the largest international scientific collaboration in history (scientists from more than 85 countries are involved in the LHC and their experiments in the European laboratory CERN).
As such, it is perhaps no surprise that all this is leading to a new era in physics and opening new doors in our understanding of the Universe, in fact, could even prove the existence of higher dimensions .(5 new Subatomic Particles)
In the coming months and years, the LHC will use its astounding amount of energy to open up the “dark sector of physics,” revealing unknown particles today and helping to solve some of our greatest cosmic mysteries (such as dark matter, Parallels and what happened during the first moments of the Big Bang).