Earth has been called “the queen of conspiracy theories.” Only both sides of this debate are accused of being just that: a theory of conspiracy.(The Flat Earth)
To be fair, the weight of the balance is leaning overwhelmingly against those who believe the Earth is flat. In addition to the collection of long-standing scientific evidence, there are graphic samples.
For example, the photo that is known as “Earthrise” or “Earthrise”, in the appears our blue planet clearly globular, already turned 50 years. And this is just one of the many images sent by satellites ever since.
So how can it be that in the 21st century there are people who genuinely think that our planet is not round? Indeed, there are believers who challenge the dominant theory. These people are discriminated against, the BBC told John Davis, a computer science expert and Earth theorist.
“Many use the term ‘flat-earther’ with connotations involving blind faith, ignorance and even anti-intellectualism.” Davis became interested in this theory when he came across some writings from the Flat Earth Society.
“I began to realize how much we accept without question, even though it goes against common sense,” he said. Now, he is convinced that “the Earth is flat, horizontally infinite and is at least 9,000 kilometers deep.”
The idea of the planet that has James McIntyre, of the Flat Earth Society, is subtly different. “The Earth is, more or less, a 24,900-mile diameter disc,” he says. “Obviously not perfectly flat due to geological phenomena such as valleys and mountains.”
How do terraplanists explain photos of the Earth from space?
“The space agencies of the world are involved in an international conspiracy to deceive the public for vast gains,” says McIntyre. “The photos are fake,” Davis says.
And what of the fact that no one has ever fallen to reach the edge of that disc is the world? “A brief survey of the flat Earth map explains the reason: the North Pole is in the center and Antarctica on the edge of the entire circumference of the Earth. The circumnavigation is to travel in a very wide circle by the surface of the Earth, “explains McIntyre.
Christine Garwood, author of “Flat Earth: The Story of an Infamous Idea” claims that it is “a fallacy of history” that everyone from Antiquity to Darkness believed that the Earth was flat and that they were only disillusioned with that “crazy idea “When Christopher Columbus succeeded in reaching America” without falling on the edge of the world. ”
“With extraordinary few exceptions, no educated person in the history of Western civilization from the third century onwards believed that the Earth was flat,” said historian Jeffrey Burton Russell in 1997.
For his part, the eminent scientist Stephen Jay Gould wrote in the same year that “there was never a period of ‘flat earth obscurity’ among scholars. Greek knowledge of sphericity never disappeared and all medieval scholars accepted the roundness of the Earth as an established fact of cosmology. ”
With the rise of scientific rationalism, which seemed to undermine the authority of the Bible, some Christian thinkers decided to launch an attack on established science.
An English inventor named Samuel Birley Rowbotham (1816-1884) assumed the pseudonym “Parallax” and founded the new school of “Zetetic Astronomy” (meaning “skeptic”, from ancient Greek zētētikós, “inquisitive”).
Rowbotham toured England arguing that the Earth was a stationary disk and the Sun was only 400 miles away.
In 1870, the Dutchman John Hampen, famous for leading polemics, wrote about flat Earth and described the scientist Isaac Newton – the author of the theory of gravity – as “a drunkard or a madman.” Hampden’s ideas, like those of many terraplanists, were based on religion: many of the proofs of his theory came from the Holy Scriptures.
However the above is a version of the story. According to historian Russell, it all began when nineteenth-century antireligious writers rewrote history, distorting it so that the fathers of the Church and its medieval successors seemed to believe that the Earth was flat.
Just “two to five early popes denied the sphericity of the Earth,” he says. “The reason for promoting both the lie about the sphericity of the Earth and the general lie that religion and science are in an eternal and natural conflict in Western society is to defend Darwinism,” he said.
“The lie of the Flat Earth was ammunition against the creationists. The argument was simple and powerful, though not elegant: ‘Look how stupid these Christians are. Those who deny evolution are the same ones who for at least a thousand years have denied that the Earth is round. ”
So, did the religious build the flat Earth theory to challenge science or did Darwinists invent that creationists had that theory to discredit them?
Everything is debatable, but even the idea that Earth is globular? Some seem to think so.