The City of Caesars, also known as the Wandering City, is a mythical and lost city of South America, which is supposed to be located somewhere in Patagonia, between Chile and Argentina.
The City of Caesars was like Atlantis, Lemuria, and Mu among others, a city that many explorers and adventurers were looking for.
Although it only exists in legends, many people set out to search for this lost land during the colonization of South America.
Those who set out in search of the city never found evidence that it ever existed, although reports of its existence circulated for more than two hundred years.
In 1766, a Jesuit, Father José García Alsue, explored the area now part of the Queulat National Park in the Aysén Region, Chile, unsuccessfully searching for the City of Caesars.
Stories about the city say it was full of incredible riches. Different versions emit different timelines and fundamental stories.
Some say it was founded by Spaniards (shipwrecked or exiled) and / or by the Inca mitimaes; and that it was full of riches, mainly gold and silver. Its location, a mystery wrapped in more mystery.
At least one of the many descriptions indicates that the mysterious city was located between two mountains, somewhere in the Andes mountains, one of gold and one of the diamonds.
According to popular belief, the city remains to this day, surrounded by an impenetrable fog that keeps it hidden from the eyes of travelers, explorers and anyone looking to find it.
It is said that it will remain hidden until the end of the times when it will appear revealing its presence to unbelievers and skeptics.
One of the most popular legends about the City of Caesars is based mainly on the fusion of four independent stories.
The first reference about its existence appears with the expedition carried out by Captain Francisco César in 1528, within the framework of a breakthrough led by Sebastián Gaboto in search of the legendary Sierra de la Plata.
Gaboto had left the old continent in 1526 with the original mission of reaching the Moluccas, crossing the Strait of Magellan.
However, during its stop in Pernambuco (Brazil), the expedition heard the first versions of a rich land in the interior of South America which could be accessed through a large estuary located further south.
In Santa Catarina, Gaboto contacted Melchor Ramírez and Enrique Montes, shipwrecked from Juan Díaz de Solís’ expedition to the Río de la Plata in 1516. They confirmed the rumors and showed Gaboto a quantity of precious metals.
Ramírez and Montes talked about the saga of Alejo García, another castaway from the Solís expedition that supposedly had ventured deep into the continent to the lands of the White King (Inca Empire), where the supposed Sierra de la Plata (Cerro) was located Rico de Potosí) was located.
According to this story, Garcia had found great wealth in the current Bolivian highlands, although he eventually ended up being killed by the Payaguas Indians on their way back to the Atlantic coast.
All these stories (and precious metals) convinced Gaboto to abandon the original mission in search of the promising South American riches of the Sierra de la Plata.
It is worth mentioning that by then the Spaniards were unaware of the existence of the Inca Empire, which would only be discovered by Francisco Pizarro in 1528.
When Gaboto entered the Río de la Plata, the expedition contacted a man named Francisco del Puerto, the only survivor of the crew who had set foot on solid ground with Solis in 1516.
Del Puerto, who had established a link with the Indians, confirmed rumors about Sierra de la Plata and joined the Spanish advance as a guide and interpreter.
Upstream, at the intersection of Paraná with the Carcaraña rivers, Gaboto decided to erect the fort of Sancti Spiritu (1527), becoming the first European settlement in the Río de la Plata basin that would serve as the basis for the conquest of the region.
Sebastián Gaboto’s expedition to the Sierra de la Plata suffered its first setbacks when, at the height of the Paraguay River, the strength of the river’s current prevented the expedition from continuing its journey.
Finally, it was decided to send an advance under the command of Miguel de Rifos that was ambushed by the Indians at the height of the Pilcomayo River.
Faced with insoluble setbacks, Gaboto decided to return to Sancti Spiritu to reorganize his forces. While preparations were made to return to the Paraná River to the north, Captain Francisco César requested and obtained authorization to conduct his own exploration.
He gathered a few men and traveled from Sancti Spiritu westward, a journey that would mark the beginning of the legend of the City of Caesars.
Finally, shortly after, the natives of the region ended up destroying the Spanish fort, which forced Gaboto to accept his defeat and travel back to Spain.
In addition to the fact that they learned about many legends that speak of countless wealth in the southern lands, the expedition led by Gaboto served mainly to consolidate the legend of the Sierra de la Plata in Europe.
As well as to consolidate the rumor that somewhere near there, there was a lost city full of wealth known as the City of Caesars.
The myth of the City of Caesars, similar to El Dorado and other legendary lost cities of South America, has been the subject of inspiration for literary works.
Over the years, these different stories merged into one that presented fantastic elements of the European tradition.
The mythical was recognized among many as an extremely rich city in which its inhabitants (who were called the Caesars) were descendants of Spaniards and natives (who accompanied their Spanish ancestors) who together founded this mythical city in an unknown place.
Therefore, the fusion of several stories about a mythical city eventually resulted in a legend of the mythical city located in an unknown area hidden in the Patagonia mountain range between Chile and Argentina.
This is how the legend of the mythical City of Caesars would become part of the mythology of South America, and would also give rise to other cities with innumerable wealth such as “El Dorado” and “Paititi”.